The European elections will be held in Belgium on 26 May 2019. Anyone aged 18 or over can cast a vote. It’s also possible to vote by proxy or abroad if certain conditions are met. Voting is compulsory for Belgian citizens.
The elections take place on Sunday 26 May 2019 in Belgium. There is an official website of the federal Ministry of Home Affairs on the elections (available in French, German and Dutch)
If you are a Belgian citizen, you do not need to register in advance, as this is done automatically by the authorities. However, if you have changed your home address recently, we advise you to check with the municipal authorities to see whether your registration on the voting lists is correct.
If you are a citizen of an EU country and you want to cast your vote in the EU-elections for a candidate in Belgium, you have to register in your municipality before 28 February. Check for the details the website for EU-voters.
In Belgium there are three constituencies, based on the regional structures of the linguistic communities. The constituencies are the following:
The Flemish Community (12 seats): Flanders region and the Brussels voters who opt to vote for candidates on the Flemish lists (the first choice to be made in the polling booth in Brussels itself). Voters in six municipalities around Brussels with a recognised French-speaking minority can opt to chose for a vote among the candidates of the French Community.
Candidacies are only possible in one community.
Under EU law, all countries must use voting systems that ensure proportional representation, which means that the number of elected members from each party depends on the share of electoral votes obtained by the party.
In Belgium you can only vote for one party in the same election. You cast a vote in the box above the party-list (saying you agree with the order of candidates) or you cast your vote on the boxes behind one or more individual candidates on that list (saying you want the change the order of the list). List-votes go to the first candidate on the list (and to the second when the first has reached his or her quota, etcetera…).
The total number of ballot forms casted for each party is the number on which the seats distribution is calculated. Once those seats have been attributed to each party, the number of preferential votes (including the re-distributed list votes) indicates which individual candidate on the list is elected.